General Choi Hong Hi (1918-2002)

What is Taekwon-do?

Taekwon-do literally translates to - “Tae” stands for jumping or flying, to kick or smash with the foot, “Kwon” denotes the fist-chiefly to punch or destroy with the hand or fist. “Do” means an art or way.

There are 5 main elements to Taekwon-do

1. Patterns - Patterns are the scientific applications of the fundamental Taekwon-do movements; offensive and defensive techniques are performed against one or more imaginary opponents. Students are assessed at his/her grading by pattern(s) that are applicable to their grade. There are a total of 24 patterns from 10 kup white belt (beginner) to 6th Dan black belt. Patterns must be mastered at each grade before progressing onto the next grade. Colour belt students have only 1 pattern to learn at each new grade whereas 3 patterns are required for each black belt examination. Every pattern has a link with the history and culture of the Korean people, through its name and the diagram it scribes on the floor, during the performance of its movements.

2. Sparring - Sparring is carried out with fellow students. There are a number of different controlled sparring techniques that students learn to master through-out their Taekwon-do training. These take the form of 3-step sparring, 2-step sparring, 1-step sparring, 1-to-1 sparring (sometimes with more opponents at senior grades), semi-free sparring, free sparring and foot sparring.

3. Power Test - As Taekwon-do is the most powerful martial art, the student must demonstrate this by breaking a 12” × 12” × 1” piece of pine or more commonly a focus board (a specially designed board to simulate pine, but which does require more accuracy and power to break it). This is carried out using foot techniques in the earlier grades, followed by hand techniques and more advanced techniques at senior grades. Students under the age of 13 are not required to break these boards if they do not wish to; they only need to “measure up” to show the technique that they would use.

4. Theory - Taekwon-do requires students to also learn the theory that accom-panies Taekwon-do. Students must learn, understand and practise the Tenets of Taekwon-do (Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self Control, Indomitable Spirit). Students will also learn about the history of Taekwon-do, the controlling bodies and the people and places that helped to form what Taek-won-do is today. Students will also become more proficient in the understanding of each technique and why it is executed in certain ways and not others, due to the scientific development of each technique. To put this in perspective a student starts off with a handbook, which is a summary from a fifteen volume encyclopaedia that describes every aspect of Taekwon-do.

5. Special Techniques - These are advanced techniques usually practiced by senior grades mainly for demonstration purposes.

Why Taekwon-do

Taekwon-do offers all the normal benefits of sports exercise. This includes fitness, strength, endurance, confidence and flexibility, but with the additional benefit of self defence. Through regular training you will learn self control and develop a positive mental attitude.


Taekwon-do is a self defense Martial Art


Why Swindon Taekwon-do?

Swindon Taekwon-do offers specialised self defence and fitness training for all age groups and ability levels with fully qualified and insured instructors following a structured and internationally recognised syllabus, established within the UK since 1967.